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Pesan Amman: Kerukunan Antar Ummat Islam Sunni dan Syi’ah

“Tidak ada kebaikan pada kebanyakan bisikan-bisikan mereka, kecuali bisikan-bisikan dari orang yang menyuruh (manusia) memberi sedekah, atau berbuat ma’ruf, atau mengadakan perdamaian di antara manusia. Dan barangsiapa yang berbuat demikian karena mencari keredhaan Allah, maka kelak Kami memberi kepadanya pahala yang besar.” [An Nisaa’ 114]

Ini adalah Pesan Amman (Amman Message) yang diprakarsai Raja Yordania, Abdullah II, dengan mengundang 200 tokoh Islam dari berbagai negara.

http://ammanmessage.com

Pesan Amman menyatakan keabsahan 8 Mazhab Islam dari Sunni, Syi’ah, dan Ibadhi. Begitu pula Tauhid Asy’ari, Sufi, dan Salafi sejati sebagai Muslim. Dari situ mereka melarang pengkafiran (takfir) antara sesama Muslim. Berdasarkan Mazhab2 itu juga ditentukan persyaratan Fatwa sehingga tidak ada kezaliman atas nama Islam.

Pesan Amman didukung oleh  Shaykh Al-Azhar Mohammed Sayyid Tantawi, Ayatollah Sistani, Sheikh Yusuf Qaradawi, Mufti Mesir Ali Goma, Din Syamsuddin, Raja Yordania, Raja Arab Saudi, Raja Bahrain, beserta 200 Tokoh Islam lainnya. Selain itu ada pula tokoh Syi’ah seperti Imam Syi’ah Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Ahmadinejad, dan Ayatollah Ali Sistani dari Iraq:

http://ammanmessage.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=17&Itemid=31

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amman_Message

Meski demikian saya lihat ada beberapa aliran sesat yang coba membonceng Pesan Amman ini seperti aliran sesat Ahmadiyyah yang mengakui Ghulam Mirza Ahmad sebagai Nabi.

Ada beberapa hal yang tetap harus kita waspadai:

1. Jika ada yang menyembah selain Allah misalnya memperTuhankan Ali, dsb, maka ini sesat.

2. Jika menganggap Al Qur’an tidak asli atau punya Al Qur’an sendiri maka ini sesat.

3. Jika menghina sahabat Nabi seperti Abu Bakar, Umar, Usman, dan istri Nabi Siti ‘Aisyah, maka ini sesat.

4. Jika mengakui manusia bisa menyatu dengan Allah seperti paham Wihdatul Wujud, maka ini juga sesat.

Ada pun kesesatan segelintir orang misalnya 10 juta Syi’ah sesat, itu bukan alasan bagi kita untuk mengkafirkan 120 juta Syi’ah yang lain jika mereka tidak melakukan kesesatan seperti hal di atas. Contohnya di Yogya ada ribuan orang yang melarung sesajen untuk Penguasa Laut Selatan. Itu bukan alasan bagi kita untuk mengkafirkan jutaan Muslim di Yogya yang insya Allah lurus.

Ada sebagian Wahabi Takfiri yang berdalih bahwa yang dinyatakan lurus cuma “Mazhab Fiqih Syi’ah”. Ada pun Aqidahnya tetap sesat. Jika benar begitu, kenapa beberapa ulama Syi’ah seperti Ali Khamenei dan Ali Sistani ikut diajak dan menandatangani Deklarasi Amman?

Begitu pula saat Syekh Al Azhar Mahmoud Syaltout menyatakan bahwa Mazhab Ja’fari (Syi’ah) sebagai mazhab ke 5 yang sah, disebut cuma Fiqihnya saja yang lurus. Ada pun aqidahnya sesat. Padahal beda dgn Imam Malik atau Imam Syafi’ie yang memang dikenal sebagai Imam Fiqih, Imam Ja’far (lahir tahun 80 H dan keturunan dari Nabi dan Abu Bakar Siddiq) bukan cuma Imam Fiqih, tapi juga aqidah bahkan kaum Syi’ah menganggapnya sebagai salah satu Imam dari 12 Imam mereka.

Ada pula Wahabi Takfiri yang menyebut Mazhab Ja’fari sesat karena ada hal yg di Sunni diharamkan, tapi di situ dihalalkan. Padahal Imam Ja’far yang merupakan guru dari Imam Abu Hanifah dan Imam Malik itu disebut sebagai Imam baik oleh Syi’ah mau pun Sunni karena ilmunya memang dalam. Sulit menerima jika Mazhab muridnya seperti Imam Malik dan Imam Abu Hanifah lurus, tapi Mazhab sang guru justru sesat. Contoh perbedaan halal/haram adalah binatang yang hidup di 2 alam haram menurut Mazhab Syafi’ie, tapi menurut Mazhab Maliki itu halal. Menyentuh wanita membatalkan wudlu menurut Mazhab Syafi’iem tapi menurut Mazhab Maliki tidak membatalkan. Jadi beda halal-haram itu biasa selama ada dalilnya.

Pesan Amman dan Perubahan Generasi Islam

SELASA, 04 JANUARI 2011 07:49
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ILUSTRASI: Dengan semakin berubahnya zaman dan kian banyaknya pengaruh luar, Islam semakin ditafsirkan secara berbeda sehingga membentuk golongan-golongan. (Foto: Google)ILUSTRASI: Dengan semakin berubahnya zaman dan kian banyaknya pengaruh luar, Islam semakin ditafsirkan secara berbeda sehingga membentuk golongan-golongan. (Foto: Google)

AMMAN (Berita SuaraMedia) – Generasi terbaik yang pernah ada dalam sejarah Islam setelah era Rasulullah dan para sahabat adalah Al Ash’ari lahir tahun 270 H dan meninggal tahun 320 H. Ibn Hambali lahir tahun 164 H dan meninggal 241 H. Al Shafi’i lahir tahun 150 H dan meninggal tahun 204 H. Malik lahir tahun 95 H dan meninggal tahun 179 H. Abu Hannafi lahir tahun 80 H dan meninggal tahun 150 H.

Namun setelah generasi itu berakhir, Islam semakin ditafsirkan secara berbeda sehingga membentuk golongan-golongan dengan keyakinannya sendiri.

Adalah pesan Amman yang dimulai sebagai pernyataan detail yang dirilis pada malam ke-27 Ramadan tahun 1425 H atau 9 November 2004 oleh Raja Abdullah II bin Al Hussein di Amman, Yordania. Pernyataan itu mendeklarasikan tentang apa itu Islam dan apa yang bukan Islam, dan aksi apa yang diwakilinya dan aksi apa yang tidak. Tujuannya adalah untuk mengklarifikasi ke dunia modern sifat sesungguhnya Islam dan sifat dari Islam yang sesungguhnya.

Untuk memberikan kekuasaan lebih pada pernyataan itu, Raja Abdullah kemudian mengirimkan tiga pertanyaan ke 24 cendekiawan agama paling senior dari seluruh dunia yang mewakili segala cabang dan aliran Islam: (1) Siapakah seorang Muslim itu? (2) Bolehkah menyatakan seseorang sebagai murtad? (3) Siapakah yang punya hak untuk mengeluarkan fatwa?

Berdasarkan fatwa-fatwa yang dikeluarkan oleh para cendekiawan ini (yang termasuk Sheikh Al Azhar, Ayatollah Sistani dan Sheikh Qaradawi), di bulan Juli 2005, Raja Abdullah II menggelar konferensi Islam internasional yang dihadiri oleh 200 cendekiawan Islam terkemuka dunia dari 50 negara. Di Amman, para cendekiawan mengeluarkan keputusan tentang tiga isu fundamental (yang kemudian menjadi “Tiga Poin dalam Pesan Amman”), yaitu:

1.Mereka secara spesifik mengakui validitas dari kedelapan madzab Sunni, Syiah, dan Ibadhi Islam; dari Teologi Islam tradisional (Ash’arism); dari Mistisisme Islam (Sufisme) dan pemikiran Salafi yang sesungguhnya, dan menemukan definisi tepat dari siapa itu Muslim.

2.    Berdasarkan definisi itu mereka melarang takfir (deklarasi murtad) di antara sesama Muslim.

3.Berdasarkan madzab, mereka menetapkan prasyarat subyektif dan obyektif untuk mengeluarkan fatwa, dengan demikian menyingkapkan fatwa bodoh dan tidak sah atas nama Islam.

Ketiga poin itu kemudian diadopsi sejak bulan Juli 2005 sampai Juli 2006 oleh para pemimpin politik dan temporal dunia Muslim. (rin/abn) www.suaramedia.com

http://www.suaramedia.com/berita-dunia/dunia-islam/35690-pesan-amman-dan-perubahan-generasi-islam.html

Basmallah

THE AMMAN MESSAGE

SUMMARY

‘[T]he best resource for those who wish to travel along the straight path in their words and their actions, and in their spiritual and religious life’.

— The Grand Shaykh of the Azhar, Shaykh Mohammed Sayyid Tantawi (may God have mercy on him), 2006.

The Amman Message started as a detailed statement released the eve of the 27th of Ramadan 1425 AH / 9th November 2004 CE by H.M. King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein in Amman, Jordan. It sought to declare what Islam is and what it is not, and what actions represent it and what actions do not. Its goal was to clarify to the modern world the true nature of Islam and the nature of true Islam.

In order to give this statement more religious authority, H.M. King Abdullah II then sent the following three questions to 24 of the most senior religious scholars from all around the world representing all the branches and schools of Islam: (1) Who is a Muslim? (2) Is it permissible to declare someone an apostate (takfir)? (3) Who has the right to undertake issuing fatwas (legal rulings)?

Based on the fatwas provided by these great scholars (who included the Shaykh Al-Azhar; Ayatollah Sistani and Sheikh Qaradawi), in July 2005 CE, H.M. King Abdullah II convened an international Islamic conference of 200 of the world’s leading Islamic scholars ‘Ulama) from 50 countries. In Amman, the scholars unanimously issued a ruling on three fundamental issues (which became known as the ‘Three Points of the Amman Message’):

They specifically recognized the validity of all 8 Mathhabs (legal schools) of Sunni, Shi’a and Ibadhi Islam; of traditional Islamic Theology (Ash’arism); of Islamic Mysticism (Sufism), and of true Salafi thought, and came to a precise definition of who is a Muslim.
Based upon this definition they forbade takfir (declarations of apostasy) between Muslims.
Based upon the Mathahib they set forth the subjective and objective preconditions for the issuing of fatwas, thereby exposing ignorant and illegitimate edicts in the name of Islam.
These Three Points were then unanimously adopted by the Islamic World’s political and temporal leaderships at the Organization of the Islamic Conference summit at Mecca in December 2005. And over a period of one year from July 2005 to July 2006, the Three Points were also unanimously adopted by six other international Islamic scholarly assemblies, culminating with the International Islamic Fiqh Academy of Jeddah, in July 2006. In total, over 500 leading Muslim scholars worldwide—as can be seen on this website [click here to see the entire list]—unanimously endorsed the Amman Message and its Three Points.

This amounts to a historical, universal and unanimous religious and political consensus (ijma’) of the Ummah (nation) of Islam in our day, and a consolidation of traditional, orthodox Islam. The significance of this is: (1) that it is the first time in over a thousand years that the Ummah has formally and specifically come to such a pluralistic mutual inter-recognition; and (2) that such a recognition is religiously legally binding on Muslims since the Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) said: My Ummah will not agree upon an error (Ibn Majah, Sunan, Kitab al-Fitan, Hadith no.4085).

This is good news not only for Muslims, for whom it provides a basis for unity and a solution to infighting, but also for non-Muslims. For the safeguarding of the legal methodologies of Islam (the Mathahib) necessarily means inherently preserving traditional Islam’s internal ‘checks and balances’. It thus assures balanced Islamic solutions for essential issues like human rights; women’s rights; freedom of religion; legitimate jihad; good citizenship of Muslims in non-Muslim countries, and just and democratic government. It also exposes the illegitimate opinions of radical fundamentalists and terrorists from the point of view of true Islam. As George Yeo, the Foreign Minister of Singapore, declared in the 60th Session of the U.N. General Assembly (about the Amman Message): “Without this clarification, the war against terrorism would be much harder to fight.”

Finally, whilst this by the Grace of God is a historical achievement, it will clearly remain only principial unless it is put into practice everywhere. For this reason, H.M. King Abdullah II is now seeking to implement it, God willing, through various pragmatic measures, including (1) inter-Islamic treaties; (2) national and international legislation using the Three Points of the Amman Message to define Islam and forbid takfir; (3) the use of publishing and the multi-media in all their aspects to spread the Amman Message; (4) instituting the teaching of the Amman Message in school curricula and university courses worldwide; and (5) making it part of the training of mosque Imams and making it included in their sermons.

God says in the Holy Qur’an says:

There is no good in much of their secret conferences save (in) whosoever enjoineth charity and fairness and peace-making among the people and whoso doeth that, seeking the good pleasure of God, We shall bestow on him a vast reward. (Al-Nisa, 4:114).

http://ammanmessage.com/

Basmallah

GRAND LIST OF ENDORSEMENTS OF THE AMMAN MESSAGE AND ITS THREE POINTS

(July 2005–July 2006)
Total number of signatures: 552 *
from 84 countries

CODE / CONFERENCE TOTAL
§ True Islam and Its Role in Modern Society Conference, Amman (July 2005) [THREE POINTS VERSION 1] signed 201
Forum of Muslim Ulama and Thinkers, Mecca (September 2005) endorsed 42
* Islamic Schools of Jurisprudence Conference, Aal Al-Bayt University, Jordan (November 2005) endorsed 33
9th Session of the Council of Ministers of Religious Endowments and Islamic Affairs, Kuwait (November 2005) endorsed 7
3rd Extraordinary Session, OIC, Mecca (December 2005) endorsed 54
Moderate Islamic Thought and Culture, Amman (April 2006)[THREE POINTS VERSION 1] signed 55
International Fiqh Academy Conference, Amman (June 2006)[THREE POINTS VERSION 2] signed 68
π Muslims of Europe Conference, Istanbul (July 2006) endorsed 157
* Many of those who endorsed or signed did so more than once, on separate occasions. Hence the discrepancy in the total number vis-à-vis the sum of the numbers of the conferences.

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN

    1. H.E. Mr. Hamid Karzai ∫
      President
    2. Amb. Nusair Ahmad Nour §
      Afghani Ambassador to Qatar
      Islamic Envoy of the Government of Afghanistan

REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA

    1. H.E. Mr. Florent Celiku ∫
      Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
    2. Mr. Tahir Zenelhasani π

PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ALGERIA

    1. H.E. Mr. Abdel Aziz Belkhadem ∫
      Minister of Foreign Affairs
    2. H.E. Lakhdar Ibrahimi §
      Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations;
      Former Foreign Minister of Algeria
    3. Prof. Dr. Abd Allah bin al-Hajj Muhammad Al Ghulam Allah §
      Minister of Religious Affairs
    4. Dr. Mustafa Sharif §
      Minister of Higher Education and Former Algerian Ambassador in Cairo
    5. Shaykh Yusuf bin Mahdi ¶ 
      Professor and Member of the Fatwa Committee in Algeria
    6. Dr. Sa‘id Shayban §
      Former Minister of Religious Affairs
    7. Prof. Dr. Ammar Al-Talibi §
      Department of Philosophy, University of Algeria
    8. Mr. Abu Jara Al-Sultani § 
      Head of the Algerian Peace Society Movement
    9. Dr. Ammar Jaydal *
      Batina University
    10. Dr. Muhammad Zurman *
      Batina University

AUSTRALIA

    1. Shaykh Salim ‘Ulwan al-Hassani fatwa §
      Secretary General Darulfatwa, Islamic High Council
    2. Ms. Maha Karim Abdo ≈

AUSTRIA

    1. Prof. Anas Al-Shaqfa § π
      Head of the Islamic Commission
    2. Ayman Aly π
      Federation of the Islamic Organizations in Europe, Graz
    3. Mr. Tarafa Baghajati § π
      Initiative of Austrian Muslims

REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN

    1. H.E. Mr. Ilham Aliev ∫
      President
    2. Shaykh Al-Islam Allah-Shakur bin Hemmat Bashazada §
      Grand Mufti and Head of the Muslim Administration of the Caucasus

KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN

    1. H.M. King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa ∫
    2. Shaykh Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Sutri §
      Minister of Justice
    3. Dr. Farid bin Ya‘qub Al-Miftah § ¶
      Undersecretary of the Ministry for Islamic Affairs
    4. Mr. Mansour Al-Jamri ≈
    5. Dr. Ibrahim Fadil Al-Dibbo ◊
      Professor, Faculty of Humanities, University of Bahrain

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH

    1. H.E. Begum Khaleda Zia ∫
      Prime Minister
    2. Prof. Dr. Abu Al-Hasan Sadiq §
      President of the Asian University of Bangladesh
    3. Prof. Shamshir Ali ¶
      President of the Academy of Sciences
      and University Vice-President

BELGIUM

    1. Mr. Ismail Batakli π
      Professor of Islamic Studies
    2. Mr. Mohamed Boulif π
      President, Islamic Executive Council
    3. Mr. Ahmed Bouziane π
    4. Dr. Karim Chemlal π
      Pasteur Institute, Lille
    5. Mrs. Malika Hamidi-Hosseinpour π
      Coordinator, European Muslim Network
    6. Mr. Ibrahim Kocaoglu π
    7. Sheikh Yacob Mahi π
      Professor of Islamic Studies, Athénée Royal Léonardo da Vinci
    8. Dr. Abdelmajid Mhauchi π
      Professor of Islamic Studies
    9. Mr. Khallad Swaid π
      President, Forum of the European Muslim Youth
      and Student Organization (FEMYSO)

REPUBLIC OF BENIN

    1. H.E. Mr. Dzulkifli Salami ∫
      Senior Minister of Planning, Economy and Development
    2. Shaykh Fathi Shitu ◊

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

    1. Prof. Dr. Shaykh Mustafa Ceric § π
      Head of the ‘Ulama’ and Grand Mufti of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    2. Prof. Hasan Makic §
      Mufti of Bihac
    3. H.E. Professor Enes Karic
      Professor in Faculty of Islamic Studies
    4. Prof. Anes Ljevakovic §
      Researcher and Lecturer, Islamic Studies College
    5. Dr. Ahmet Alibasic π
      Lecturer, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Sarajevo
    6. Mr. Amer Bukvic π
      Islamic Development Bank
    7. Imam Senaid Kobilica π
      Vice President, Islamic Council of Norway
    8. Mr. Mirnes Kovac π
      Journalist, Preporod Islamic Newspaper
    9. Dr. Sukrija Ramic π
      University of Zenica

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

    1. H.M. Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah ∫
    2. Prof. Suhaili bin Hajj Muhyi Al-Din ◊
      Deputy Mufti of Brunei

BURKINA FASO

    1. H.E. Mr. Youssouf Ouedraogo ∫
      Minister of State, Minister of Foreign Affairs
    2. Dr. Abu Bakr Dakuri ¶ ◊
      Member of the Executive Council, ISESCO

BRAZIL

    1. Shaykh Ali Muhammad Abduni §
      Representative of the International Islamic Youth Club in Latin America;
      Accredited Religious Representative of the Dar Al-Fatwa of the Republic of
      Lebanon in Sao Paolo

REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON

    1. H.E. Mr. Marfa Hamidou Yaya ∫
      Minister of State
    2. Shaykh Mahmud Malbakri ◊
      Imam, Grand Mosque and President of the Council of ‘Ulama’

CANADA

    1. Shaykh Faraz Rabbani §
      Hanafi Scholar, Sunnipath.com
    2. Mr. Fouzan Khan π
      Reviving the Islamic Spirit Organization

REPUBLIC OF CHAD

    1. H.E. Mr. Idris Derby ∫
      President
    2. Shaykh Dr. Hussein Hasan Abkar §
      President, Higher Council; for Islamic Affairs
      Imam of Muslims, Chad
    3. Mr. Tijani Sabun Muhammad ◊

UNION OF COMOROS

    1. H.E. Mr. Kub Mohamed Lisharti ∫
      Deputy President

REPUBLIC OF COTE D’IVOIRE

    1. H.E. Mr. Hamza Salleh ∫
      Ambassador in Riyadh

DENMARK

    1. Imam Fatih Alev π
      Danish Association of Cybermuslims

REPUBLIC OF DJIBUTI

    1. H.E. Mr. Ismail Omar Gulleh ∫
      President
    2. Shaykh Abd Al-Rahman Sulayman Bashir ¶
      Member of the Higher Judiciary Council

ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT

    1. H.E. Mr. Mohamed Hosni Mubarak ∫
      President
    2. H.E. Grand Imam Prof. Dr. Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi fatwa 
      Shaykh al-Azhar
    3. Prof. Dr. Mahmud Hamdi Zaqzuq § ∞
      Minister of Religious Affairs
    4. Prof. Dr. Ali Jumu‘a fatwa § * ∫ ◊
      Grand Mufti of the Arab Republic of Egypt
    5. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Muhammad Al-Tayyib §
      President of Al-Azhar University
    6. Prof. Dr. Kamal Abu Al-Majd §
      Islamic Intellectual; Former Minister of Information; Attorney in the Court
      of Cassation and International Specialist in Judiciary Affairs
    7. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Al-Ahmadi Abu Al-Nur § *
      Former Minister of Religious Affairs in the Arab Republic of Egypt;
      Professor in the Faculty of Islamic Law, Yarmouk University, Jordan
    8. Prof. Dr. Fawzi Al-Zifzaf §
      Chairman of the Permanent Committee of Noble Al-Azhar for Dialogue
      Among the Heavenly Religions; Member of the Academy of Islamic Research
    9. Prof. Dr. Hasan Hanafi §
      Researcher and Islamic Intellectual, Department of Philosophy,
      Cairo University; Fellow of the Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought
    10. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Muhammad Al-Kahlawi §
      Secretary of the General Union of Islamic Archaeologists;
      Dean of the Faculty of Antiquities, Fayyum Branch, Cairo University
    11. Prof. Dr. Ayman Fuad Sayyid §
      Former Secretary General, Dar al-Kutub Al-Misriyya
    12. Shaykh Dr. Zaghlul Najjar §
      Head of the Committee on The Miraculous Nature of the Qur’an in the Higher
      Council for Islamic Affairs, Egypt
    13. Shaykh Moez Masood §
      Islamic Missionary
    14. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Al-Dasuqi * 
      Researcher and Member of the Forum for the
      Proximity of the Islamic Schools of Jurisprudence
    15. Mr. Amr Khaled π
      Islamic Missionary
    16. Mr. Bara Kherigi π
      Director, Awakening Records
    17. Dr. Heba Raouf Ezzat π
      Department of Political Science, Cairo University
    18. Dr. Ja‘far Abdussalam ◊
      President of the League of Islamic Universities
    19. Dr. Shawqi Ahmad Dunya ◊
      Dean of the (Womens’) Faculty of Commerce, Al-Azhar University
    20. Dr. ‘Umar ‘Abd Al-Kafi ≈
    21. Dr. Huda ‘Abd Al-Sami‘ ≈
    22. Eng. ‘Amr Faruk Farid ≈
    23. Mr. Muhammad Al-Samman Lutfi ≈
    24. Eng. Abu Al-‘Ala Madi ≈
    25. Dr. ‘Abd Al-Wahhab Al-Masiri ≈
    26. Dr. ‘Abd Al-Halim Oweis ≈
    27. Mr. Ahmad Sha‘ban ≈
    28. Mr. Husam Tammam ≈
    29. Mr. Muntasir Al-Zayyat ≈
    30. Dr. Raged al-Sirjani §
    31. Dr. Muhammad Hidaya §
    32. Dr. Muhammad Abd al-Mun‘im Abu Zayd ◊
      Professor, Faculty of Shari‘ah, Department of Islamic Economics,
      Yarmouk University

REPUBLIC OF FRANCE

    1. Shaykh Prof. Dalil Abu Bakr §
      Chairman of the France Supreme Council of the Islamic Religion
      and Dean of the Paris Mosque
    2. Dr. Husayn Rais §
      Director of Cultural Affairs, Paris Grand Mosque
    3. Prof. Dr. Abd Al-Majid Al-Najjar *
      President of the Islamic Centre, Paris
    4. Dr. Fouad Alaoui π 
      President, Union of Islamic Organizations in France (UOIF)
    5. Ms. Fatiha Ajbli π 
      Sociologist
    6. Ms. Siham Andalouci π 
      Member, Présence Musulman
    7. Dr. Ahmed Bakcan π 
      Representative, Milli Görüs
    8. Mr. Abdelwaheb Bakli π 
      President, Muslim Youth of France
    9. Shaykh Khalid Adlen Bentounes π 
      Alawiyah Sufi Order; Honorary President of the International
      Association of the Friends of Islam
    10. Mr. El Hadji Babou Biteye π 
      President, Muslim Students of France (EMF)
    11. Mr. Laj Thami Breze π
      Union of Islamic Organizations in France (UOIF)
    12. Mr. Haydar Demiryürek π 
      Secretary General, The Islamic Council of France
    13. Dr. Boubaker El Hadj Amor π 
      Treasurer, Union of Islamic Organizations in France (UOIF)
    14. Shaykh Ounis Guergah π 
      Head of the Fatwa House, Paris
    15. Prof. Dr. Ömer Faruk Harman π 
      DITIP, Germany
    16. Mr. Fouad Imarraine π 
      Collecive of Muslims of France
    17. Dr. Ahmed Jaballah π 
      Member of the European Council for Fatwa and Reseach, France
    18. Mrs. Noura Ben Hamouda Jaballah π 
      President of European women forum (France)
    19. Dr. Zuhair Mahmood π 
      Institute for the Human Sciences (IESH), Paris
    20. Dr. Mohamed Mestiri π 
      Director, International Institute of Islamic Thought, Paris
    21. Mr. Abdelmajid Najar π
    22. Ms. Nora Rami π 
      Free Community Organization, Paris
    23. Shaykh Zakaria Seddiki π
    24. Dr. Muhamad Bashari ◊
      President, Federal Society for Muslims in France

REPUBLIC OF GABON

    1. H.E. Elhadj Ali Bongo Awadamba ∫
      Minister of National Defence and Chairman of Supreme Council
      for Islamic Affairs and Special Envoy of the President

REPUBLIC OF GAMBIA

    1. H.E. Alhaji Dr. Yahya A.J.J. Jammeh ∫
      President
    2. Mr. Samba Fall 
      Minister of Foreign Affairs, Youth, Sport, and Religious Affairs Gambia.
    3. Prof. Dr. Omar Jah ¶ ◊ 
      Former Deputy Assistant to the President for Special Assistance Programs
      at the Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah

REPUBLIC OF GERMANY

    1. Prof. Dr. Murad Hofmann §
      Former German Ambassador to Morocco; Intellectual and Researcher
    2. Shaykh Salah Al-Din Al-Ja‘farawi §
      Assistant Secretary-General of World Council for Islamic Propagation
    3. Mr. Ridvan Çakir π
      President, Turkish-Islamic Union of Germany
    4. Shaykh Bashir Ahmad Dultz π
      German Muslim League
    5. Mr. Belal El-Mogaddedi π
    6. Mr. Ibrahim F. El-Zayat π
      Head of Public Relations, Federation of Islamic Organisations
      in Europe (FIOE)
    7. Dr. Sabiha El-Zayat π
      Centre for Islamic Women Studies, Institute for the Human
      Sciences (IESH), Paris
    8. Mr. Mesud Gülbahar π
      IGMG President of Youth Organisations, Germany
    9. Mr. Ali Kizilkaya π
      Head, Islamic Council of Germany
    10. Dr. Eyüp A. Köhler π
    11. Mr. Michael Muhammed Abduh Pfaff π
      German Muslim League
    12. Mr. Celal Tüter π
      IGMG President of University Org., Germany
    13. Mr. Recep Yildirim π
      Europe Association of Turkish Cultural Centers, Germany
    14. Mr. Osman Yoba π
    15. Mr. Nabil Chabib ≈

REPUBLIC OF GUINEA

    1. H.E. Mr. Cellou Dalein Diallo ∫
      Prime Minister
    2. Mr. Al-Husayni Diallo ¶
      Inspector General, Ministry of Justice
    3. Prof. Dr. Qutb Mustafa Sanu ◊
      Department of Usul al-Fiqh, International Islamic University of Malaysia

REPUBLIC OF INDIA

    1. H.E. Maulana Mahmood Madani § π
      Member of Parliament; General Secretary, Jamiat Ulema-i-Hindi
    2. Prince Ja‘far Al-Sadiq Mufaddal Sayf Al-Din §
      Islamic Intellectual
    3. Prince Taha Sayf Al-Din §
      Islamic Intellectual
    4. Prof. Dr. Sayyid Awsaf Ali §
      President of Hamdard University
    5. Prof. Dr. Akhtar Al-Wasi §
      Head of the Bureau of Islamic Studies, Dean of the College of Humanities
      and Languages; Director of the Dhakir Husayn Centre for Islamic Studies

REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

    1. H.E. Dr. Alawi bin Shihab ∫
      Coordinating Minister for People’s Welfare
      and Special Envoy of the President
    2. Dr Muhammad Maftuh Basyuni ∞
      Minister of Religious Affairs
    3. Dr. Tutty Alawiyah §
      President, Al-Shafi‘i Islamic University
    4. Amb. Rabhan Abd Al-Wahhab §
      Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    5. Shaykh Al-Hajj Ahmad Hashim Muzadi §
      Chairman of the Central Board of Nahdlatul Ulama, Indonesia
    6. Shaykh Rozy Munir §
      Vice-Chairman of the Central Board of Nahdlatul Ulama, Indonesia
    7. Mr. Muhamad Iqbal Sullam §
      International Conference of Islamic Scholars, Indonesia
    8. Dr. Muhammad Masyuri Naim ¶
      Professor, Islamic University
    9. Prof. Dr. M. Din Syamsuddin π
      Chairman of Muhammadiyah

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

    1. Supreme Spiritual Leader Grand Ayatollah 
      Al-Sayyid Ali Khamenei fatwa
    2. H.E. Dr. Mahmood Ahmedinejad ∫
      President
    3. Grand Ayatollah Shaykh Muhammad Ali Al-Taskhiri fatwa §  
      Secretary General, Forum for the Proximity of the Islamic
      Schools of Jurisprudence
    4. Grand Ayatollah Al-Sayyid Fadil Lankarani fatwa
    5. Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Waez-zadeh Al-Khorasani § ◊
      Former Secretary General, Forum for the Proximity of the Islamic Schools
      of Jurisprudence
    6. Grand Ayatollah Prof. Dr. Al-Sayyid Mustafa Mohaghegh Damad §
      Director of the Academy of Sciences; Justice in the Ministry of Justice;
      Head of the Inspectorate General
    7. Hujjat Al-Islam Dr. Mahmoud Mohammadi Iraqi §
      Chairman of the Cultural League and Islamic Relations in the
      Islamic Republic of Iran
    8. Dr. Al-Sayyid Mahmoud Mar‘ashi Al-Najafi §
      Head of the Grand Ayatollah Mar‘ashi Al-Najafi Library
    9. Dr. Muhammad Ali Adharshab §
      Secretary-General, Arab-Iranian Friendship Society
    10. Mr. Murtada Hashim Bur Qadi §
      Secretary-General, Bureau for International Relations, Great Islamic Encyclopaedia
    11. Shaykh Abbas Ali Sulaymani §
      Representative of the Supreme Spiritual Leader in Eastern Iran
    12. Mr. Ghulam Rida Mirzai §
      Member, Consultative Council
    13. Dr. Syed Muhammad Rida Khatimi §
      Political leader; Former Deputy Speaker of the Iranian Parliament
    14. Shaykh Muhammad Shari‘ati §
      Former Advisor to the President of Iran; Member of Parliament
    15. Amb. Muhammad Kazem Khuwansari ◊
      Permanent Representative of Iran to the Organization of the Islamic Conference
    16. Mr. Ma Sha Allah Mahmoud Shams Al-Waithin §
      Journalist and Writer
    17. Dr. Ruqayya Rustum Yurmaki *
      Imam Sadiq University
    18. Dr. Mojgan Sakhaei *
      Imam Sadiq University
    19. Shaykh Ahmad Mablaghi ◊
      Professor, Qom Seminary
    20. Dr. Gholam Reza Noor-Mohammadi ◊
      Director, Centre for Islamic Medical Research, Imam al-Sadiq University, Qom;
      Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tehran
    21. Shaykh Hassan Jawahiri Zadeh ◊
      Professor, Religious Seminary, Qom

REPUBLIC OF IRAQ

    1. H.E. Mr. Jalal Talabani ∫
      President
    2. Grand Ayatollah Al-Sayyid Ali Sistani fatwa
    3. Grand Ayatollah Shaykh Ishaq Al-Fayad fatwa
    4. Grand Ayatollah Al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa‘id Al-Hakim fatwa
    5. Grand Ayatollah Shaykh Bashir Al-Najafi fatwa
    6. Grand Ayatollah Al-Sayyid Shaykh Hussein Isma‘il Al-Sadr fatwa
    7. Grand Ayatollah Shaykh Husayn Al-Mu‘ayyad § *
      Knowledge Forum, Baghdad
    8. Grand Ayatollah Ahmad al-Bahadili §
      Islamic Missionary
    9. Shaykh Dr. Harith Al-Dari ≈
      Head of Ulema organization
    10. Dr. Muhsin ‘Abd Al-Hamid ≈
    11. Dr. Ahmad Abd Al-Ghaffur Al-Samara‘i §
      Head of the Diwan of the Sunni Waqf
    12. Al-Sayyid Abd al-Sahib Al-Khoei §
      Secretary General, Imam Al-Khoei Benevolent Foundation
    13. Al-Sayyid Muhammad Al-Musawi §
      Secretary General, World Islamic Ahl Al-Bayt League
    14. Shaykh Dr. Mahmoud Muhammad Dawud Al-Sumayda‘i ≈
    15. Prof. Dr. Abd Al-Aziz Al-Duri §
      Researcher and Historian, Department of History, University of Jordan;
      Fellow of Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought
    16. Prof. Dr. Bashshar Awwad Marouf § *
      Researcher and Editor; Fellow of Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought
    17. Shaykh Abbas Ali Kashif Al-Ghita §
      College of Islamic Studies, University of al-Kufa
    18. Dr. Abd Al-Hamid Al-Najdi §
      Islamic Intellectual
    19. Shaykh Walid Faraj Allah Al-Asadi §
      College of Islamic Studies, University of al-Kufa
    20. Shaykh Prof. Dr. Ahmad Al-Kubaysi § ≈
      Missionary and Islamic Intellectual
    21. Prof. Ghanem Jawad §
      Director of Cultural Affairs, Khoei Benevolent Foundation
    22. Mr. Muhammad Allawi §
      Assistant Director General, World Islamic Ahl Al-Bayt League
    23. Prof. Sa‘d Al-Malla §
      Islamic Intellectual
    24. Dr. Mustafa Abd Al-Ilah Kamal Al-Din §
      Islamic Intellectual
    25. Prof. Dr. Adnan Ali Al-Faraji *
      Islamic University
    26. Dr. Aziz Rashid Al-Dayini *
      Islamic University
    27. Dr. Abd Al-Qadir Mustafa Al-Muhammadi *
      Islamic University
    28. Mr. ‘Ala’ Al-Din Al-Mudarris *
      Researcher and Historian

REPUBLIC OF IRELAND

    1. Mr. Nooh al-Kaddo π
      Director, Islamic Cultural Centre of Irelands

ITALY

    1. Mr. Yahya Sergio Pallavicini § π
      Vice President, Islamic Religious Community of Italy (CO.RE.IS.)
    2. Dr. Ali Abu Shwaima π
      Head, Islamic Centre of Milan

HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN

    1. H.M. King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein ∫
    2. Prof. Dr. HRH Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad § π
      Personal Envoy and Special Advisor to HM King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein;
      Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Aal al-Bayt Institute for
      Islamic Thought
    3. Shaykh Izzedine Al-Khatib Al-Tamimi §
      Islamic Affairs Advisor to HM the King; Chief Justice
    4. Prof. Dr. Abdul-Salam Al-Abbadi § ¶ ∞ ◊
      Former Minister of Islamic Affairs; President, Aal al-Bayt University
    5. Prof. Dr. Shaykh Ahmad Hlayyel § ≈
      Advisor to HM the King and Imam of the Royal Court
    6. Shaykh Said Al-Hijjawi § ≈
      Grand Mufti of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    7. Mr. Akel Bultaji §
      Advisor to HM the King
    8. Prof. Dr. Khalid Touqan §
      Minister of Education; Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research
    9. H.E. Shaykh Salim Falahat §
      Director General of the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan
    10. H.E. Shaykh Dr. Abd Al-Aziz Khayyat § ◊
      Former Minister of Religious Affairs
    11. Shaykh Nuh Al-Quda §
      Former Mufti of the Jordanian Armed Forces
    12. Prof. Dr. Khalid Al-Karaki §
      Deputy-Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Aal al-Bayt
      Institute for Islamic Thought; President of Jerash Private University
    13. Prof. Dr. Ishaq Al-Farhan §
      President of Zarqa Private University;
      Former Minister of Education
    14. Prof. Kamil Ismail Hamdan Al-Sharif § ¶
      Secretary General, International Council for Islamic Propagation and Relief
    15. Dr. Abd Al-Latif Arabiyyat §
      Former Speaker of the Lower House of Parliament;
      Chairman of the Consultative Committee of the Islamic Action Front
    16. Shaykh Abd Al-Karim Salim Sulayman Al-Khasawneh §
      Grand Mufti of the Jordanian Armed Forces
    17. Prof. Dr. Adel Al-Toweisi § *
      Former President of Aal al-Bayt University; Minister of Culture
    18. Prof. Dr. Yusuf Al-Ghaydhan §
      Dean of the University Faculty of Religion, Balqa’ Applied University
    19. Shaykh Hasan Al-Saqqaf §
      Advisor to the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Aal al-Bayt
      Institute for Islamic Thought; Director of Imam Al-Nawawi Publishers and Distributors
    20. Eng. Marwan Al-Faouri § ≈
      Chairman of the Forum for Moderation in Thought and Culture
    21. Mrs. Nawal Al-Faouri § ◊
      Educator and Islamic Intellectual
    22. Prof. Dr. Abd Al-Nasir Abu Al-Basal § ◊
      Former Dean of the Faculty of Islamic Law, Yarmouk University
    23. Mr. Bilal Al-Tal § ◊
      Editor-in-Chief, Liwa’ Newspaper
    24. Prof. Dr. Azmi Taha Al-Sayyid §
      College of Jurisprudential and Legal Studies, Aal al-Bayt University
    25. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Hisham Sultan *
      Vice-President for Islamic Studies, Aal al-Bayt University
    26. Prof. Dr. Ziyad Al-Daghamin *
      Dean of the College of Jurisprudential and Juridical Studies,
      Head of the Preparatory Committee of the Internal Islamic Conference
    27. Dr. Rashid Sa‘id Shahwan ◊
      Faculty of Islamic Propagation and the Fundamentals of Religion,
      Balqa Applied University
    28. Prof. Dr. Qahtan Al-Duri *
      Aal al-Bayt University
    29. Prof. Dr. Sharif Al-Shaykh Salih Al-Khatib *
      Aal al-Bayt University
    30. Prof. Dr. Abd Al-Majid Al-Salahin *
      Dean of the College of Islamic Law, University of Jordan
    31. Dr. Hayil ‘Abd Al-Hafiz ≈
    32. Shaykh ‘Abd Al-Karim Al-‘Akor ≈
    33. Mr. Haytham Al-‘Amayreh ≈
    34. Dr. Muhammad Al-Khatib ≈
    35. Mr. Hatim Al-Manasir ≈
    36. Dr. Malik Al-Moumini ≈
    37. Dr. Muhammad Al-Qada ≈
    38. Dr. Fayez Al-Rabi‘ ≈

REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

    1. H.E. Mr. Askar Mussinov ∫
      Ambassador in Riyadh and Special Envoy of the President

KENYA

    1. Shaykh Abdullahi Abdi π
      Chief Executive Officer, Northern Aid

STATE OF KUWAIT

    1. H.H. Shaykh Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah ∫
      Prime Minister
    2. Dr. Abdullah Matuq al-Matuq ∞
      Minister of Awqaf and Religious Affairs
      Kuwait
    3. Prof. Dr. Abdullah Yusuf Al-Ghoneim §
      Head of the Kuwaiti Centre for Research and Study
    4. Dr. Adel Abdullah Al-Fallah §
      Undersecretary of the Ministry of Religious Affairs
    5. Dr. Mohamed Abdul Ghaffar Al-Sharif ◊ 
      Secretary-General, Secretariat General of Religious Affairs
    6. Dr. Muhammad Abd Allah Ja‘far Al-Sharif ¶ 
      Undersecretary of Waqf Foundation
    7. Dr. Khaled Madhkour Abdallah Madhkour ◊
      Professor, Faculty of Shari‘ah, University of Kuwait
    8. Mr. Mutlaq Rashed Al-Qarawi ≈
    9. Shaykh Dr. ‘Ajil Jassim al-Nashami ◊ 
      Professor, Faculty of Shari‘ah, University of Kuwait
    10. Dr. Ahmad Raja‘i al-Jundi ◊ 
      Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences, Kuwait

KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

    1. H.E. Mr. Dastan Sarygulov ∫
      Secretary of State

REPUBLIC OF LEBANON

    1. H.E. Mr. Fouad Sinoura ∫
      Prime Minister
    2. Prof. Dr. Hisham Nashabeh §
      Chairman of the Board of Higher Education
      Dean of Education at Makassed Association
    3. Al-Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah fatwa
    4. Shaykh Muhammad Rashid Qabbani ¶
      Grand Mufti, Republic of Lebanon (Mufti of the Sunni Muslims)
    5. Prof. Dr. Sayyid Hani Fahs § ≈
      Member of the Higher Shi‘i Council
    6. Shaykh Abdullah al-Harari fatwa §
      Head of the Habashi Order
    7. Prof. Dr. Ridwan Al-Sayyid §
      Faculty of Humanities, Lebanese University; Editor-in-Chief,
      Al-Ijtihad Magazine
    8. Prof. Muhammad Al-Sammak § ¶
      Secretary-General of the National Council for Islamic-Christian Dialogue;
      Secretary-General for the Islamic Spiritual Summit
    9. Ja‘fari Qadi Shaykh Asad Allah Al-Harashi §
      Higher Islamic Shi‘i Council
    10. Shaykh Khalil Al-Mays § ◊
      Mufti of Zahleh and Western Beqa‘
    11. Shaykh Abd Al-Emir Qublan §
      Deputy Head of the Higher Shi‘i Counci
    12. Prof. Dr. Zakariyya Abd Al-Razzaq Al-Misri *
      Imam Al-Awza‘i University
    13. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Al-Sahmarani *
      Imam Al-Awza‘i University
    14. Dr. Muhammad ‘Assaf ≈
    15. Dr. As‘ad Al-Sahmarani ≈
    16. Shaykh Abd Al-Naser Jabri ≈
    17. Shaykh Jamil Muhammad Husseini fatwa §
    18. Mr. Hasan Farhat §

GREAT SOCIALIST PEOPLE’S ARAB JAMAHIIRIYA

    1. H.E. Mr. Abdel Rahman Mohamed Shalqam ∫
      Minister of Foreign Affairs
    2. Prof. Ibrahim Ali Abu Al-Qasim Al-Rabu § ¶
      Secretary of the Office of Conferences, International Islamic Propagation Society
    3. Dr. Al-Ujaili Farhat Al-Miri §
      Official for Dialogue in the International Islamic Popular Leadership
    4. Dr. Muhammad Al-Ziyadi ◊
      President, International Islamic Call University
    5. Prof. Dr. Hamzah Abu Faris *
      Al-Fatih University
    6. Mr. Abd Al-Salam Muhammad Al-Sharif Al-Alim *
      Al-Fatih University

MACEDONIA

    1. Mr. Rufat Sherifi π

MALAYSIA

    1. H.E. Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi ∫
      Prime Minister
    2. Dr. Anwar Ibrahim § π
      Former Deputy Prime Minister
    3. Dato’ Dr. Abdul Hamid Othman §
      Minister in the Office of the Prime Minister
    4. Prof. Dr. Kamal Hasan ¶
      President of the Islamic International University, Kuala Lumpur
    5. Prof. Dr. Mohammad Hashim Kamali § π
      Dean of the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilisation
    6. Mr. Shahidan Kasem §
      First Minister of Perlis State, Malaysia
    7. Mr. Khayri Jamal Al-Din §
      Deputy Chairman for the Youth Sector, the United Malays
      National Organisation
    8. Dr. Salih Qadir Karim Al-Zanki *
      International Islamic University

MALDIVES

    1. H.E. Mr. Maumoon Abdul Gayoom ∫
      President
    2. Dr. Mahmud Al-Shawqi §
      Minister of Education
    3. Shaykh Mohamed Rasheed Ibrahim ◊
      President of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs

REPUBLIC OF MALI

    1. H.E. Mr. Amadou Toumani Toure ∫
      President
    2. Mr. Sidi Mohamed Youssouf Djire ◊ 
      General President of the Islamic Foundation for Production

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF MAURITANIA

    1. H.E. Mr. Al Ould Mohamed Fal ∫
      President
    2. H.E. Shaykh Abdallah Bin Bayyah fatwa π
      Former Vice President of Mauritania;
      Vice President of the International Union of Muslim Scholars
    3. Mr. Al-Hajj Wuld Al-Haji Ahmad ¶
      Advisor to the Minister of Education and Islamic Guidance
    4. Mr. Cheikhna Bin Bayyah π

MAURITIUS

    1. Shaykh Ghulam Muhammad §
      Chairman and Secretary General of the Blue Crescent Society

MOLDOVA

    1. Mr. Abdulraheem Aljabari π

KINGDOM OF MOROCCO

    1. H.M. King Mohammed VI ∫
    2. Prof. Dr. Abbas Al-Jarari § ¶
      Advisor to HM the King
    3. Prof. Dr. Abd Al-Hadi Bu Talib §
      Former Advisor to HM the King
    4. Amb. Al-Makki Kawan 
      Ambassador of the Kingdom of Morocco to Kuwait,
      representing Dr. Ahmad Al-Tawfiq,
      Minister of Religious Affairs, Kingdom of Morocco
    5. Prof. Dr. Abdelhadi Al-Tazi §
      Fellow of the Royal Moroccan Academy; Former Ambassador
    6. Prof. Dr. Mohammad Farouk Al-Nabhan §
      Former Director of Dar Al-Hadith Al-Hasaniyya
    7. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Shawqi Benbin §
      Director of the Hasaniyya Library
    8. Dr. Hamdati Chbihanna Malainine ◊
      Member, Supreme Constitutional Council;
      President, Regional Scientific Council, Al-Qunaitra
    9. Prof. Dr. Najat Al-Marini §
      Department of Arabic Language, Mohammed V University
    10. Dr. Abdul Filali Ansary §
      Director, Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilizations, Aga Khan University
    11. Dr. Abdel-Kabeer Al-Madghari ◊
      Former Minister of Waqf and Islamic Affairs
    12. Dr. Maryam Ayat Ahmad ≈
    13. Mr. Muhammad Al-Amin ≈
    14. Mr. Muhammad Tullabi ≈
    15. Dr. Sa‘d Al-Din Al-‘Uthmani ≈

REPUBLIC OF MOZAMBIQUE

    1. H.E. Mr. Aris Ali ∫
      Minister of Education and Culture

THE NETHERLANDS

    1. Mr. Zakaria Hamidi π
      Director, New Horizon

REPUBLIC OF NIGER

    1. H.E. Mr. Hama Amadou ∫
      Prime Minister

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA

    1. H.E. Mr Ibrahim Mousa Kazawari ∫
      Ambassador in Riyadh
    2. H.H. Prince Haji Ado Bayero §
      Emir of Kano
    3. Mr. Sulayman Osho §
      Secretary General of the Islamic Conference for Africa
    4. Dr. Ahmad Limu ¶
      Head, Organization of the Islamic Endowment for Education and Guidance
    5. Dr. Al-Khidr Abd Al-Baqi Muhammad *
      Researcher and Writer

NORWAY

    1. Mr. Brahim Belkilani π 
      Journalist, ITRI
    2. Dr. Lena Larsen π 
      Coordinator, The Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief,
      Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, University of Oslo

SULTANATE OF OMAN

    1. H.H. Al Syed Asaad bin Tareq Al Said ∫
      Special Envoy of the Sultan
    2. Shaykh Ahmad bin Hamad Al-Khalili fatwa § ¶ 
      Grand Mufti of the Sultanate of Oman
    3. Shaykh Ahmad bin Sa‘ud Al-Siyabi § 
      General Secretary in the Office of the Grand Mufti
    4. Dr. Abd Allah Mubarak Al-Shanfari ¶
      University Professor, University of Dhofar
    5. Shaykh Dr. Kahlan bin Nahban Al-Kharusi * 
      Jurisprudential Advisor in the Office for the Issuance of Fatwas
    6. Mr. Aflah bin Ahmad Al-Khalili *
      Researcher in the Office for the Issuance of Fatwas
    7. Abd Al-Latif Al-Humaym ≈

REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN

    1. H.E. General Pervez Musharraf ∫
      President
    2. H.E. Ambassador Muhammad Aslam 
      Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to Kuwait
      representing Dr. Muhammad I‘jaz Al-Haqq, Minister of Religious
      Affairs, Islamic Republic of Pakistan
    3. Shaykh Mufti Muhammad Taqi Uthmani fatwa  
      Deputy Chairman, Islamic Fiqh Council, Jeddah;
      Vice President, Dar al-Ulum, Karachi
    4. Shaykh Dr. Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri § π
      Director General, Centre for Islamic Research, Islamabad
    5. Prof. Dr. Zafar Ishaq Ansari §
      Director General, Centre for Islamic Research, Islamabad
    6. Dr. Reza Shah-Kazemi § π 
      Researcher and Islamic Intellectual
    7. H.E. Ambassador Arif Kamal §
      Ambassador of the Republic of Pakistan to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    8. H.E. Prof. Dr. Mahmoud Ahmad Ghazi §
      President, Islamic University, Islamabad;
      Former Minister of Religious Affairs, Pakistan

STATE OF PALESTINE

    1. H.E. Mr. Ahmed Qorei ¶
      Prime Minister
    2. Shaykh Dr. Ikrimah Sabri § ≈ 
      Grand Mufti of Jerusalem and All of Palestine;
      Imam of the Blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque
    3. Shaykh Taysir Rajab Al-Tamimi § ≈
      Chief Justice of Palestine
    4. Dr. Mustafa Mahmud Yusuf Abu Suway ¶
      Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy
      and Islamic Studies in Al-Quds University
    5. Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Salibi *
      Al-Najah University
    6. Dr. Marwan Ali Al-Qaddumi *
      Al-Najah University

POLAND

    1. Dr. Samir Ismail π

PORTUGAL

    1. Mr. Abdool Magid Vakil § π
      Chairman, Banco Efisa
    2. Mr. Sohail Nakhooda § π
      Editor-in-Chief, Islamica Magazine

QATAR

    1. H.E. Shaykh Hamad bin Jassem Al Thani ∫
      First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs
    2. Prof. Dr. Shaykh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi fatwa § π
      Director of the Sunna and Sira Council;
      Vice President of the International Union of Muslim Scholars
    3. Shaykh Thaqil bin Sayer Zayd Al-Shammari ◊ ¶
      Justice, Court of Cassation, Member of the Supreme Judicial Council
    4. Prof. Dr. Aisha Al-Mana‘i §
      Dean of the Faculty of Islamic Law, University of Qatar
    5. Shaykh Abd Al-Rahman bin Abd Allah bin Zayd Al Mahmud ¶
      Member of Prominent Persons Committee,
      Organization of the Islamic Conference
    6. Dr. Ali Muhyi Al-Din Qaradaghi ◊
      Professor, Faculty of Shari‘ah, University of Qatar
    7. Dr. Ali Ahmad Al-Salus ◊
      Professor, Faculty of Shari‘ah, University of Qatar
    8. Shaykh Mohammad Haj Yusuf Ahmad ◊
      Imam, Doha Mosque

RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    1. Shaykh Rawi Ayn Al-Din §
      Mufti; Head of the Muslim Religious Administration
    2. Prof. Dr. Said Hibatullah Kamilev § ¶
      Director, Moscow Institute of Islamic Civilisation
    3. Dr. Murad Murtazein §
      President, Islamic University, Moscow
    4. Mr. Rushan Abassoof §
      Director of External Affairs Department of Council of Muftis, Russia
    5. Mr. Yakupov Valiulla π
      Assistant to the Chief Mufti of Tatarstan

KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

    1. H.M. King Abdullah bin Abdel Aziz Al Saud ∫
      King of Saudi Arabia; Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
    2. Dr. Abd Al-Aziz bin Uthman Al-Touaijiri § ¶
      Director General, The Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO)
    3. H.E. Shaykh Abd Allah Sulayman bin Mani‘ ◊
      Member, Council of Senior ‘Ulama’ of Saudi Arabia
    4. Dr. Hassan bin Mohamed Safar ◊
      Professor, Islamic Studies Department, Faculty of Humanities
      King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah
    5. Mr. Abobakr Abdelfatah π
    6. Shaykh Ali Baddahdah π
    7. Dr. Salih Al-Wuhaibi ≈
    8. Shaykh ‘Abd Allah Yahya ≈
    9. Mr. Nabil Abd Al-Ilah Nassif ◊
      Assistant to the President for Assistance Affairs, IDB, Jeddah
    10. Dr. Muhammad Jabr Al-Alfi ◊
      Professor, Higher Judiciary Institute, Department
      of Comparative Jurisprudence, Riyadh
    11. Dr. Muhammad bin Yahya bin Hasan Al-Najimi ◊
      Associate Professor, King Fahd Defence College
    12. Dr. Ahmad Abd al-Alim Abd Al-Latif ◊ 
      Researcher, Department of Studies, The International
      Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah
    13. Dr. Abd Al-Qahir Qamar ◊
      Researcher, Department of Studies, The International
      Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah
    14. Shaykh al-Habib Muhammad bin Abdurrahman al-Saqqaf §
    15. Dr. Mohamed Ali Al-Bar ◊
      King Fahd Centre for Medical Research

REPUBLIC OF SENEGAL

    1. H.E. Mr. Abdoulaye Wade ∫
      President
    2. Mr. Al-Hajj Mustafa Sisi § 
      Special Advisor to the President of Senegal
    3. Prof. Abdallah Bah §
      President of the Union of Volunteers in Islamic Education and Culture
    4. Prof. Abadir Tiyam ¶
      University Press and President of the National Society, Dakar
    5. Prof. Ahmad Mukhtar Embo ¶
      Former Director General, UNESCO, Paris
    6. Prof. Rohan Mbaye ◊
      Director, Islamic Institute, Dakar

REPUBLIC OF SIERRA LEONE

    1. H.E. Alhaji Dr. Ahmad Tejan Kabbah ∫
      President

REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE

    1. Dr. Yaqub Ibrahim §
      Minister of the Environment and Water Resources, and Muslim Affairs

REPUBLIC OF SOMALIA

    1. H.E. Mr. Abdullah Youssef Ahmed ∫
      President

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

    1. Shaykh Ibrahim Gabriels §
      Head of South African ‘Ulama’

SPAIN

    1. Mr. Mansur Escudero π
      Spanish Islamic Commission
    2. Mr. Ali Boussaid π
      Islamic League for Dialogue and Conviviality

REPUBLIC OF SUDAN

    1. H.E. General Omar Hassan Al Bashir ∫
      President
    2. Abd Al-Rahman Sawar Al-Dhahab §
      Former President of the Republic of Sudan
    3. Al-Imam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi ≈
      Former Prime Minister of Sudan
      Head of ansar movement
    4. Dr. Isam Ahmad Al-Bashir § ¶
      Minister of Guidance and Religious Affairs
    5. Mr. Tariq Ali Bakhit ¶
      Director in the General Secretariat and
      Head of Cultural and Islamic Thought Committee, Khartoum
    6. Prof. Dr. Izz al-Din Umar Musa §
      Lecturer in the Department of History, Malik Saud University, Riyadh
    7. Dr. Muhammad Mahjub Harun ¶
      Journalist and University Professor, University of Khartoum
    8. Dr. Ahmad Ali Al-Imam ¶
      Advisor to the Sudanese President
    9. Dr. Mustafa ‘Uthman Isma‘il ≈ 
      Former Foreign Minister of Sudan
      Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the Arab League
    10. Dr. Ibrahim Ahmad Uthman ◊ 
      Secretary General, Supreme Judiciary Council
    11. Dr. Ahmad Khaled Babacar ◊
      Secretary General of the Islamic Fiqh Academy of Sudan

SWEDEN

    1. Mr. Mahmoud Khalfi Driri π

SWITZERLAND

    1. Prof. Tariq Ramadan § π 
      Islamic intellectual

SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC

    1. H.E. Mr. Farouk Al-Sharaa’ ∫
      Minister of Foreign Affairs
    2. Shaykh Dr. Ahmad Badr Hasoun §
      Grand Mufti of the Syrian Arab Republic
    3. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Sa‘id Ramadan Al-Buti § ≈
      Head of the Religion Department, Faculty of Law, University of Damascus
    4. Prof. Dr. Shaykh Wahba Mustafa Al-Zuhayli § ≈ ¶ ◊
      Head of Department of Islamic Jurisprudence and its Schools,
      Islamic Law Faculty, Damascus University
    5. Dr. Salah Al-Din Ahmad Kuftaro §
      Director General, Shaykh Ahmad Kuftaro Academy and Islamic Intellectual
    6. Dr. Muhammad Tawfiq Sa‘id Al-Buti §
      Professor of Shari‘ah at Damascus University
    7. Dr. Mahmud Al-Sayyid ¶
      Academic Researcher in the Centre of Islamic Studies,
      School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London
    8. Shaykh Abdallah Adhami § π
      Islamic missionary and scholar
    9. Dr. Muhammad Habash ≈
    10. Dr. Muhammad Abd al-Latif Saleh al-Farfur  
      Secretary General, International Scientific Academy
    11. Prof. Dr. Abd Al-Sattar Abu Ghuddah ◊
      President of the United Shari‘ah Council of the Baraka Group, Jeddah

REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

    1. H.E. Mr. Imam Aly Rahmanov ∫
      President

THAILAND

    1. Mr. Wan Muhammad Nur Matha §
      Advisor to the Prime Minister
    2. Amb. Wiboon Khusakul §
      Ambassador of Thailand in Baghdad

REPUBLIC OF TOGO

    1. H.E. Mr. Zarifou Ayéva ∫
      Minister of Foreign Affairs

REPUBLIC OF TUNISIA

    1. Mr. Mohamed Al-Ghanousi ∫
      Prime Minister
    2. Prof. Dr. Al-Hadi Al-Bakkoush §
      Former Prime Minister of Tunisia
    3. Dr. Abu Baker Al-Akhzuri §
      Minister of Religious Affairs
    4. Prof. Dr. Ali Al-Shabi §
      Chairman of the Higher Islamic Council;
      Former Minister of Islamic Affairs
    5. Prof. Ibrahim Chabbouh §
      Advisor to the Higher Chairman of the Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought;
      Director of the Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought
    6. Shaykh Dr. Mohammad Al Habib ibn Al Khojah ◊
      Secretary-General of the International Islamic Fiqh Council, Jeddah
    7. Prof. Dr. Muhammad Al-Bashir Al-Buzaydi ¶
      Director of the Higher Institute for the Fundamentals of Religion, Zaytuna University
    8. Mr. Ahmad Al-‘Ujaymi ¶
      Advisor in the Office of the Secretary General of the
      Organization of the Islamic Conference
    9. Shaykh Dr. Rachid Ghannouchi π
      Leader of Ennada
    10. Prof. Habib Shaybub §
      Writer and Historian
    11. Dr. Amir Al-Zamali §
      Advisor of Islamic World Affairs, International Committee for the Red Cross
    12. Dr. Shaykh Mohieddine Gadi ◊
      The Higher Islamic Council, Tunis
    13. Shaykh Al-Tayyib Salama ◊ 
      The Higher Islamic Council, Tunis

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

    1. H.E. Mr. Bulent Arinc ∫
      President of the Grand Turkish Assembly
    2. Prof. Dr. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu § π ◊
      Secretary-General, Organisation of the Islamic Conference
    3. H.E. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Aydin π
      Minister of State, Government of Turkey
    4. Prof. Dr. Ali Bardakoglu ¶
      Head of Religious Affairs Directorate
    5. Prof. Dr. Ali Auzak π
      Head of the Endowment for Islamic Scientific Studies, Istanbul
    6. Prof. Dr. Mualla Saljuq §
      Dean of the Faculty of Islamic Law, Ankara
    7. Prof. Dr. Mustafa Çagrici § π 
      Grand Mufti of Istanbul and Professor of Islamic Philosophy
    8. Prof. Ibrahim Kafi Dönmez §
      Professor of Islamic Jurisprudence at the University of Marmara
    9. Dr. Ali Ihsan Bala *
      Yüzüncü Yil University
    10. Mr. Ufuk Gökçen π
      Advisor to the Secretary General of the OIC
    11. Mr. Mustafa Akyol π
      Writer and journalist
    12. Dr. Muhammet Aruçi π
      Turkish Religious Endownment (Diyanet Vakfi)
    13. Prof. Dr. Akif Aydin π
      Marmara University
    14. Mr. Kurtulu Aykan π
    15. Dr. Savas Barçin π
    16. Ms. Selin Bölme π
      Marmara University
    17. Prof. Ali Dere π
      Foreign Affairs Department, Presidency of Religious Affairs, Ankara
    18. Mr. Muammer Dumanli π
    19. Mr. Ahmet Hakan π
    20. Dr. Ibrahim Kalin π
      Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies, College of the Holy Cross, USA;
      Director, SETA Foundation, Ankara
    21. Prof. Recep Kaymakcan π
      Assistant Professor of Religious Education, Sakarya University
    22. H.E. Ambassador Fazli Kesmir π 
      Counsellor Turkish Embassy and Permanent Representative of Turkey
      to FAO, Rome
    23. Dr. Abdülhamid Kirmizi π
    24. Mr. Fehmi Koru π
      Journalist, Yeni Safak
    25. Dr. Ali Köse π
      Lecturer, Faculty of Theology, Marmara University
    26. Mr. Talha Köse π
    27. Prof. Talip Küçukcan π
      Centre for Islamic Studies, Istanbul
    28. Ambassador Ömür Orhun π
      OCSE Personal Representative on Combating Islamophobia
    29. Mr. Taha Özhan π
    30. Prof. Mehmet Paçaci π
      Faculty of Theology, Ankara University
    31. Mr. Ali Sarikaya π
      President, Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation
    32. Prof. Bülent Senay π
      Professor of Comparative Religion, Uludag University, Bursa
    33. Dr. Nazife Sisman π
    34. Dr. Ismail Taspinar π
      Faculty of Theology, Marmara University
    35. Mr. Ahmet Selim Tekelioglu π
      SETA, Anakara
    36. Dr. Nuri Tinaz π
      Centre for Islamic Studies, Istanbul
    37. Mrs. Ümare Yazar π
    38. Professor Ali Murat Yel π
      Lecturer in Sociology and Anthropology, Fatih University

TURKMENISTAN

    1. H.E. Mr. Rashid Mirdov ∫
      Minister of Foreign Affairs

UKRAINE

    1. Mufti Shaykh Ahmad Tamim §
      Mufti of Ukraine

UGANDA

    1. Mr. Anas Abdunnoor Kalissa ◊
      Director of Research and Shari‘ah

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

    1. H.H. Shaykh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan ∫
      President
    2. H.H. Ambassador Nasir bin Abd Allah bin Hamdan ¶
    3. Mr. Ali bin Al-Sayyid Abd Al-Rahman Al-Hashim §
      Advisor to the President for Judiciary and Religious Affairs
    4. Shaykh Muhammad Al-Banani §
      Judge in the Supreme Federal Court
    5. Dr. Abd al-Salam Muhammad Darwish al-Marzuqi §
      Judge in the Dubai Court
    6. Dr. Muhammad Abdulrahim Sultan Al-Ulama ◊ 
      Deputy-Dean of Scientific Research Affairs, United Arab Emirates University
    7. Dr. Hamad bin Al-Sheikh Ahmad Al-Chibani ◊
      Director, Islamic Affairs and Awqaf
    8. Shaykh Mansur ‘Etah al-Minhali ◊
      Secretary-General, Bureau for Islamic Affairs and Charitable Works, Dubai
    9. Dr. Ahmad Abdul Aziz Al-Haddad ◊
      Chief Mufti, Bureau of Islamic Affairs and Charitable Works, Dubai
    10. Shaykh Talib Muhammad Al-Shehi ◊
      Preacher, Ministry of Justice and Islamic Affairs
    11. Dr. Mahmud Ahmad Abu Layl ◊
      Professor, Faculty of Shari‘ah, Al-‘Ain University
    12. Dr. Khalid Sulayman Al-Fahdawi ≈
    13. Dr. Ali Muhammad Ujla ◊ 
      Managing Editor, Manar Al-Islam Magazine
    14. Dr. Muhammad Al-Zuhaili ◊
      Dean, Faculty of Shari‘ah, University of Sharjah

UNITED KINGDOM

    1. Dr. Abbas Mahajarani §
      Member of the Imam Al-Khoei Benevolent Foundation
    2. Dr. Hassan Shamsi Basha ◊
      Expert, The International Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah
    3. Mr. Shams Vellani §
      Director, Special Studies, The Institute of Ismaili Studies
    4. Dr. Farhad Daftary §
      Associate Director, The Institute of Ismaili Studies
    5. Shaykh Yusuf Islam §
      Islamic Missionary
    6. Dr. Fuad Nahdi §
      Editor-in-Chief, Q-News International
    7. Shaykh Wanis Al-Mabrouk *
      Representative of the Union of Muslim Organisations of UK & EIRE
    8. Mr. Sharif Banna π
      Co-Founder, Awakening Records;
      President, Union of Muslim Students in the UK
    9. Mr. Sami Yusuf § π
      Islamic singer
    10. Mohamed Abdul Aziz π
      Director, Faithwise
    11. Dr. Manazir Ahsan π
      Director, The Islamic Foundation
    12. Mr. Khurshid Ahmed π
      British Muslim Forum (BMF)
    13. Mrs. Fareena Alam π
      Editor, Q-News International
    14. Dr. Anas Shaikh-Ali π
      Director, International Institute of Islamic Thought, London
    15. Mr. Ahmed Al-Rawi π
      President, Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe
    16. Mr. Ismail Amla π
    17. Mr. Iqbal Asaria π
      Finance Director, Muslim Council of Britain
    18. Dr. Mehmet Asutay π
      Department of Economics, Durham University
    19. Mr. Yasar Çolak π
      Counsellor for Turkish Religious Affairs in London
    20. Mr. Said Ferjani π
      Muslim Association of Britain
    21. Dr. Sophie Gilliat-Ray π
      Cardiff University
    22. Mr. AbdelRahman Helbawy π
    23. Mr. Dilwar Hussain π
      The Islamic Foundation
    24. Mrs. Sarah Joseph π
      Editor, Emel Magazine
    25. Mr. Wakkas Khan π
      President, FOSIS
    26. Mr. Mustafa Köker π
      Chief Editor, Haber Newspapers (Turkish)
    27. Ms. Maleiha Malik π
      Department of Law, King’s College
    28. Ms. Unaiza Malik π
      Muslim Council of Britain
    29. Mr. Ahmed Sheikh Mohamed π
    30. Dr. Mohamed Mukadam π
      Association of Muslim Schools
    31. Mr. Ahmed Musawi π
    32. Prof. Farhan Nizami π
      Director, Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies
    33. Mr. Habibur Rahman π
    34. Sir Iqbal Sacranie π
      Former Secretary General of the Muslim Council of Britain
    35. Shaykh Haytham Tamim π
      Utrujj Institute
    36. Mr. Ahmed Versi π
      Editor, The Muslim News
    37. Mr. Shaukat Warraich π
      Community leader
    38. Shaykh Abdal Hakim Murad / Tim Winter § π
      Lecturer, University of Cambridge
    39. Mr. Haider Ali π
      Book distributor

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    1. H.E. Prof. Dr. Seyyed Hossein Nasr §
      Author and Professor of Islamic Studies at the George Washington University
    2. Shaykh Hamza Yusuf Hanson § π
      President of the Zaytuna Institute
    3. Shaykh Faisal Abdur Rauf §
      Imam of New York City Central Mosque
    4. Prof. Dr. Ingrid Mattson §
      Professor of Islamic Studies, Hartford Seminary;
      President of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA)
    5. Prof. Dr. Suleiman Abdallah Schleifer §
      Director Emeritus of the Adham Center for Television Journalism
    6. Mr. Nihad Awad § ≈
      Executive Director, Council on American-Islamic Relations
    7. Shaykh Nuh Ha Mim Keller § π
      Islamic Missionary and Intellectual;
      Fellow of the Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought
    8. Sheikh Suhaib D. Webb π
      Islamic Missionary
    9. Dr. Caner Dagli π
      Special Advisor for Interfaith Affairs, Royal Hashemite Court of Jordan;
      Professor of Islamic Studies, Roanoke College, USA
    10. Prof. James Morris § π
      Univesity of Exeter
    11. Mr. Radwan Al-Masmudi ≈
    12. Prof. Joseph Lumbard §
      Former Special Assistant to H.M. King Abdullah II for Interfaith Affairs

REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

    1. H.E. Mr. Shawkat Sirdayev ∫
      Prime Minister
    2. Shaykh Muhammad Al-Sadiq Muhammad Yusuf §
      Grand Mufti of the Republic
    3. Prof. Yusufov Ortoqbek §
      Islamic Intellectual

REPUBLIC OF YEMEN

  1. H.E. General Ali Abdullah Saleh ∫
    President
  2. Shaykh Muhammad bin Muhammad Isma‘il Al-Mansur fatwa
  3. Shaykh Humud bin ‘Abbas al-Mu‘ayyad fatwa
  4. Shaykh Ibrahim bin Muhammad Al-Wazir fatwa §
    Secretary General of the Islamic Unification and Works Movement
  5. Shaykh Habib ‘Umar bin Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz §
    Principal, Dar al-Mustafa, Tarim
  6. Shaykh Al-Habib ‘Ali Al-Jifri §
    Islamic Missionary and Intellectual
  7. Shaykh Muhammad Abduh Umar ◊
    Head, Bureau of Direction and Guidance, Permanent Committee
    of the General People’s Conference
  8. Prof. Dr. Husayn Al-Umari §
    Member of the Consultative Committee, Member of the UNESCO
    Executive Committee; Professor of Modern History, University of Sana‘a’

http://ammanmessage.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=17&Itemid=31

http://lazuardihaura.blogspot.com/2011/04/pesan-persatuan-islam-dari-amman.html

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2 Tanggapan

  1. […] salah kaprah. (Untuk Syiah, karena masalah teologis bukan bidang kajian saya, silahkan merujuk pada Deklarasi Amman yang ditandatangani lebih 500 ulama terkemuka dunia atau baca wawancara saya dengan ustadz Sunni […]

  2. […] salah kaprah. (Untuk Syiah, karena masalah teologis bukan bidang kajian saya, silahkan merujuk pada Deklarasi Amman yang ditandatangani lebih 500 ulama terkemuka dunia atau baca wawancara saya dengan ustadz […]

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